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Monuments of Khammam

S.No Name of the Monument Village Mandal Period
1 Buddhist and Andhra Sites Karukonda Kothagudem 1st —3rd C.A.D

Buddhist and Andhra Sites

Karukonda hillock, known for its famous rock cut monument, is situated at a distance of about 6 km from Kothagudem and nearly 3.5 km from Ramachandrapuram village, in Khammam district.

The original monument consists of two Buddhist Dagobas and two cells, carved out of the sand rocks. One Dagoba was reportedly broken into pieces in the year 1986 as big boulders fell on it from the top of the hillock but the remnants of it can be still seen clearly. They represent the Mahayana cult of the Buddhist religion. The walls of these cells are finely sculptured while the wall surfaces of the cells and dagobas were originally painted using natural colors available at that time.

The hillock situated amidst nature, houses an important rock cut cave, which holds great significance in Buddhist teachings. These cave formations are unique and the paintings seen here, indicate few important events of Buddhism.

How to reach

It is located 63 km East from the district head quarters of Khammam. Khammam is connected to Hyderabad, the capital city of Telangana, located at a distance of nearly 195 km, through road and rail transport. Kothagudem , Palwancha , Yellandu and Bhadrachalam are some of the nearby towns to Karukonda.

2 Fort Khammam Khammam 11th C.A.D

Khammam Fort

Khammam fort is a hill fortification occupying an area of 4 sq.km. The fort holds historical significance not only for Khammam town, but also for the state of Telangana. The majestic fort represents the pride of past rulers atop a hill which represents a blend of various architectural styles. Khammam fort was believed to have been built by rulers of various dynasties at different times. The fort was constructed initially during the 12th century by the great Kakatiya rulers. The kings Velama and Musunuri Nayak were believed to have been involved in its construction and in the year 1531, the Qutub Shahi kings started developing the Khammam Fort.

The inner fortification features cyclopean walls at two levels with bastions. Sitab Khan (Sitapati) made Khammam as his second capital. In 1516 A.D Qutub Shahis captured Khammam fort defeating Sitab Khan. Zafaruddaulah (1716-1803) then became the taluqdar of Khammam and built a Mahal on the fort. This fort was repaired and renovated during the period of Asafjahis with the help of French Engineers. There is an undated inscription in Telugu prose carved on the stonewall to the right side of the main entrance to this fort.

How to reach

Khammam fort is located in the heart of the district headquarters of Khammam. Khammam is connected to Hyderabad, the capital city of Telangana, located at a distance of approximately 195 km, through road and rail transport.

3 Megalithic Burials Khammam Khammam 10th C.B.C
4 Megalithic Burials Gollapahad Khammam 10thth C.B.C
5 Megalithic Burials Pillaguda Khammam 10thth C.B.C
6 Cairns & Menhirs Nelakondapalli Nelakondapalli 10th C.B.C
7 Megalithic Burials Waira Waira 10th C.B.C
8 Flakes Cores & Stone Implements Madhira Madhira 10th-9th C.B.C
9 Stone Circle Garia Garia 10th C.B.C.
10 Megalithic Burials Mallaram Manuguru 10th C.B.C.

Megalithic Burials

A vast megalithic settlement consisting of huge circles bearing lengthy orthostats was found near Mallaram in manuguru mandal, (Burgampahad Taluq), Khammam district. The people of those times, have developed a novel method in cutting slabs for cist burials. Huge blocks of stone slabs measuring 1 to 2 feet in thickness were used as capstones. The sides were cut accurately with great precision and this marks the technological development achieved by the people of that era in course of their drift from upper Godavari to lower Godavari.

The arrangement of the burials and the capacity to tackle huge flat slabs of more than 2 tons in weight points out their construction capacity and skill. The planned arrangements of the burials in proper rows suggest that the megalithic builders must have changed their traditional methods of tackling granite and the execution shows that they adopted new techniques by transplantation. This megalithic settlement located in deep forest is among those series of megalithic sites unearthed by the Archaeology department in Telangana state, indicating a rich past.

How to reach

Mallaram is located at a distance of nearly 140 km from the district headquarters of Khammam. Khammam is connected to Hyderabad, the capital city of Telangana, located at a distance of 195 km, through road and rail transport.

11 Mukkanteswaralayam Kusumanchi Kusumanchi 13th C.A.D

Mukkanteswaralayam

Kusumanchi is a sub division of Khammam district, Telangana. Kusumanchi town is located between Khammam and Suryapet and is home to renowned temple of Sri Ganapeshwaralayam and Mukkanteswaralayam, built by the Kakatiya rulers during 12th and 13th centuries.

Mukkanteswaralayam is located about two km from the road and a few meters from the Ganapeswaralayam. Mukkanteswaralayam is a triple shrine, wherein each of these shrines are in a juxtaposed manner, leaving some space in between them. Each shrine has a garbhagruha and antarala with a common 16-pillared mandapa infront of them. Each temple also consists of a small portico. These temples face northward direction. Out of the 16 pillars of the common Rangamandapa, infront of the three shrines, the central 4 pillars in front of central shrine are highly polished and depict sculptural motifs of swans in opposite direction.

How to reach

The village Kusumanchi is situated about 21 km west of Khammam on Khammam-Hyderabad Highway. Khammam is connected to Hyderabad, the capital city of Telangana, located at a distance of approximately 195 km, through road and rail transport.

12 Menhires & Alignments Kusumanchi Kusumanchi 6th C.B.C

Menhires & Alignments

Kusumanchi is a sub division of Khammam district, Telangana. Kusumanchi town is located between Khammam and Suryapet and is known for a range of historical sites of archaeological importance.

There are two Menhirs (Vertical stones) here at the site, which measures 3.20 meters in Height and 0.40 meters in width. Here, the width is found in association with Cairn Circles. The Megalithic burial complex is located in Survey. No. 1337 of Kusumanchi village. Most of the megalithic burials here are being protected and preserved especially the burial complex including the Menhirs for posterity. There are plans to develop the site as a Pre-historic park, to be included in the Tourism Circuit.

The region is also home to Sri Ganapeshwaralayam and Mukkanteswaralayam, the two Siva temples which were built by the Kakatiya rulers during 12th and 13th centuries.

How to reach

The village Kusumanchi is situated about 21 km west of Khammam on Khammam-Hyderabad Highway. Khammam is connected to Hyderabad, the capital city of Telangana, located at a distance of approximately 195 km, through road and rail transport.

13 Sivalayam (Trikuta Temple) Pulluru Garla 13th C.A.D

Trikuta Temple

Pulluru Village is located nearly 8 km from the Mandal headquarters of Garla in Khammam district of Telangana. Located close to the outskirts of the village, within a rectangular compound wall is the famous Trikuta Temple.

The Temple faces east with three shrines on Southern, western and northern sides with a common ranga mandapa that was a witness to the history of the region. There is one highly polished Sivalingam which is now kept in the mandapa and worshipped by the villagers during Sivaratri and other festive occasions.

A rectangular pedestal is seen which is a highlight of this temple and is carved with four lions. It is situated infront of antarala located towards the northern end. It is a famous Siva temple believed to be centuries old.

How to reach

The village Garla is situated about 40 km from Khammam on Khammam-Yellandu road. Khammam is connected to Hyderabad, the capital city of Telangana, located at a distance of approximately 195 km, through road and rail transport.

14 Buddhist Stupa Nelakondapalli Nelakondapalli 2nd C.A.D

Buddhist Monastic complex

Nelakondapalli in Khammam district of Telangana is well known for its Buddhist legacy which has earned this place a unique identity. Buddhist Stupa locally termed as Viratrajgadde or Erradibba is located in between Nelakondapalli and Mujjigudem villages. Excavations brought to light a Mahastupa, Monastic complex and other objects such as miniature Votive Stupa, a Bronze icon of Avalokitesvara, Idols of Buddha besides Pottery, Beads and Bangles and Coins of Ikshvaku and Vishnukundini periods dating back to 3rd – 4th Century A.D.

The excavations here have unearthed a Vihara complex which is located nearby to the Mahastupa including a Chatusshala type of Vihara complex having hundred cells with a spacious cultural courtyard, wherein the foundations of the Vihara has an entrance way on the eastern side.

The plan of the Stupa consists of a series of concentric circular walls of brick, cut across by radiating spokes starting from the massive central hub of 36 ft in diameter. The main components are lower pradakshina pitha, circular drum (vedica) with ayaka platforms and a dome. The total diameter of the Stupa is 170 ft. and its present height is 46 ft and the conjectural total height is around 54 ft. The size of the bricks used for the Stupa is 50 x 25 x 7.5 cms. These discoveries made in this region are of high significance with immense tourism potential.

How to reach

Nelakondapalli is located at a distance of nearly 20 km from the district headquarters of Khammam. Khammam is connected to Hyderabad, the capital city of Telangana, located at a distance of approximately 195 km, through road and rail transport.

15 Dongatogu Potlapally Pinapaka

Dongatogu

The Khammam district of Telangana is known for its age-old megalithic burial sites which are of great prominence in understanding the region’s history. Roughly, one thousand dolmen type megalithic burials are located on a hillock locally known as Dongatogu.

Dongatogu is situated at a distance about 10 km west of Janampet, a road side village on Mangur- Warangal road via Eturunagaram and Mangapet. Since this area is covered with thick forest, it is not easily accessible and can be accessed only during summer and winter season easily through a guided route map and other precautions have to be taken during travel.

The architecture of these graves is plain and simple. They consist of a small chamber looking in the form of a table raised above the ground. The top is invariably of monolithic slab of varying dimensions, the greatest length, width and thickness of the slab being 12 feet , 8 feet and 3 feet respectively . The slab is supported and held above the ground by smaller slabs (each roughly measuring 2 feet X 2 feet 1 feet) which generally vary in number, the maximum being twelve and minimum being four.

Wood fossils have been collected from the surface of the burial ground in this site. The department has conducted excavations here during the H.E.H Nizams period, from 1940-1941.

How to reach

Pinapaka mandal is located at a distance of nearly 31 km from the district headquarters of Khammam. Khammam is connected to Hyderabad, the capital city of Telangana, located at a distance of approximately 195 km, through road and rail transport.

16 Ganapeswaralayam (Siva Temple) Kusumanchi Kusumanchi

Ganapeswaralayam (Siva Temple)

Kusumanchi is a sub division of Khammam district, Telangana. Kusumanchi town is located between Khammam and Suryapet and is home to renowned temples of Sri Ganapeshwaralayam and Mukkanteswaralayam. These are the two Siva temples which were built by the Kakatiya rulers during 12th and 13th centuries.

The temple was constructed on a high adhistana. According to plan, it is a single shrine facing east with an antarala and pillared rangamandapa in front of it, with entrances on north, south and east. The temple is a testimony to the architectural glory of Kakatiya kings. The historical shrine bears striking resemblance to the famous Ghanpur and Ramappa temples built during Kakatiya period in Warangal district. Ganapeshwaralayam attracts devotees during Sivaratri festival from Warangal, Nalgonda and other neighboring regions every year.

How to reach

The village Kusumanchi is situated about 21 km west of Khammam on Khammam-Hyderabad Highway. Khammam is connected to Hyderabad, the capital city of Telangana, located at a distance of approximately 195 km, through road and rail transport.